30 Thailand Facts

30 Quick Thailand Facts – Thailand Information

1. The capital of Thailand is Bangkok

2. Thailand covers a land area of around 512,000 sq km, equivalent to the size of France

3. The population of Thailand is 63 million with 75% ethnic Thai, 15% Chinese and 10% other

4. Thailand was known as Siam until 1939

5. Thailand means ‘Land of the Free’

6. The unit of currency in Thailand is the Thai Baht (THB) 

7. Buddhism is the national religion of Thailand with 85% of the country Buddhists

8. The average life expectancy in Thailand is 75 years

9. Muay Thai Boxing is the country’s national sport

10. Thailand is divided into a total of 76 provinces

11. Thailand is nick-named ‘The Land of Smiles’

12. The Mekong River is the longest river to run through Thailand and forms a border with Laos

13. 40% of Thais earn their living from the land & agriculture

14. Tourism is the main industry in Thailand with over 12 million visitors per year

15. Thailand is bordered on all sides by Myanmar, Laos, Malaysia and Cambodia

16. Thailand has a tropical monsoon climate

17. The Monarchy is held in very high regard in Thailand

18. The King of Thailand is named King Bhumibol, also known as Rama XI, being the 9th ruler of the dynasty

19. The King of Thailand has been on the throne since 1946, He is currently the longest reigning living Monarch (66 years to date)

20. The highest peak in Thailand is Doi Inthanon, Southwest of Chiang Mai, it is known as ‘The Roof of Thailand’ measuring 2,500 meters high

21. Phuket is Thailand’s largest island

22. There are over 40,000 Buddhist temples known as Wats in Thailand

23. The Siamese cat originates from Thailand and was first brought to Britain in 1884

24. The longest poisonous snake in the world, the King Cobra, is found in Thailand and can measure up to 18 foot long

25. Thailand is the world’s largest exporter of rice

26. There are approximately 2,000 wild elephants left in Thailand

27. Thailand produces 2.5 million tonnes of mangoes each year

28. Wat Phra Kaeo in Bangkok is Thailand’s holiest temple and is home to the Emerald Buddha, the most important of all the Buddha statues

29. There are over 200,000 Monks in Thailand

30. Thai’s go by the Buddhist calendar, so we are currently living in the year 2555 in Thailand (at time of writing). 

Map of Thailand

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